The Fort Belknap Reservation is home to two tribes, the Assiniboine, or Nakoda, and the Gros Ventre, who refer to themselves as A'aninin or "People of the White Clay." Combined enrollment is approximately 4,000. The combined reservation and additional tribal lands encompass 650,000 acres of the plains and grasslands of northcentral Montana between the Milk River and Little Rocky Mountains.
The Bureau of Indian Affairs and the tribe are the major employers. The Little Rockies Meat Packing Company, Inc. is the first tribally owned, USDA-inspected meat packing facility in the U.S. The Reservation is working to develop tourism and marketing Native American artisans. The tribes manage a 300-head buffalo herd. Antelope, bird and gopher hunts are available; licenses and guides are required.
Guided tours are available to Snake Butte, Mission Canyon, Bear Gulch and St. Paul's Mission. Popular attractions in this scenic area include the Natural Bridge, Wilson Park, Devil's Kitchen, and Needle Eye and Kid Curry's Hideout. Picnicking and camping available. Watchable wildlife include a buffalo herd, deer, antelope, migratory waterfowl and upland birds. Annual events include Milk River Indian Days and Hays' Powwow and Fair (both in July).